By John Riddle
1. The identify of the Book
In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 & 2 Samuel shape one publication, and a similar structure applies to at least one & 2 Kings and 1 & 2 Chronicles. within the Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, made at Alexandria within the 3rd century BC (the paintings truly began in 280 BC), 1 & 2 Samuel and 1 & 2 Kings are known as the 1st, moment, 3rd, and Fourth Books of the Kingdoms. (It is named the Septuagint simply because, it really is alleged, seventy students have been concerned about the translation). The notice “Kingdoms” refers, in fact, to the 2 kingdoms of Judah and Israel. The Latin Vulgate translation repeated the Septuagint department of Samuel and Kings into books every one, yet referred to as them the 1st, moment, 3rd, and Fourth Books of the Kings (not “Kingdoms”). this is often the beginning of the sub-titles to those 4 books in our permitted model. for instance, lower than the identify “The First booklet of Samuel”, you will discover “Otherwise referred to as the 1st publication of the Kings”.
2. the placement of the Book
First Samuel covers the interval of Israel’s heritage beginning with the beginning of Samuel to the demise of Saul - nearly 100 and fifteen years (1171-1056 BC). It used to be a most crucial interval for no less than purposes. First, the period of the Judges ended, and the period of the prophets started out, and, moment, the period of direct divine rule ended, and the period of the earthly monarchy commenced.
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